Should We Be Afraid of Artificial Intelligence?

Economists worry about the impact that artificial intelligence (AI) technology could have as it begins to displace human employees, especially those in entry-level jobs such as data entry, customer service or retail. Read more

Diagnosing concurrent drivers of weather extremes: application to warm and cold days in North America

Extreme weather events emerge out of the interaction of many physical processes, and understanding how is a key challenge in atmospheric science. Read more

Sampling hyperspheres via extreme value theory: implications for measuring attractor dimensions

Advancing computational power has encouraged the analysis of large, high-dimensional data sets with machine learning and data mining techniques, as well as the use of algorithms to compute dynamical indicators such as Lyapunov exponents or generalized dimensions. Read more

Forecasting the magnitude of the largest expected earthquake

Geophysicists still lack a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms and stochastic dynamics behind the earthquake generation process, and so also lack an ability to make reliable predictions of the likelihood of extreme events. Read more

Epidemic spreading with awareness and different timescales in multiplex networks

Efforts to control epidemics rely on mathematical and computational models of how infectious agents spread. Such models help to find ways to deter transmission – through vaccination and quarantine, for example, or information campaigns to alter human behaviour. Read more

Age representation of Lévy walks: partial density waves, relaxation and first passage time statistics

Mathematical models of Lévy Walks have found many recent applications to physical and biological systems, and such applications have generally approached Lévy Walks from the traditional perspective of discrete models for random walks. Read more

Atmospheric Dynamics Leading to West European Summer Hot Temperatures Since 1851

In Western Europe, several recent summers have been exceptionally warm, especially the summers of 2003 and 2015. Based on observations over the past century, meteorologists have come to see such major heat events as typically stemming from anticyclonic atmospheric circulation and a lack of spring rainfall in Southern Europe. Read more

Microfoundations of Discounting

Economists routinely model how people choose between different options. For example, a common issue is time delay: would you choose to receive £100 today, or prefer £200 next month? Read more

Generalized dimensions, large deviations and the distribution of rare events

Any fractal set possesses a unique dimension, which characterises its self-similar behaviour under a change of scale. The attractors of many dynamical systems are more complex multifractals, which possess a spectrum of dimensions, or “generalized” dimensions. Read more

Dynamical characterization of stochastic bifurcations in a random logistic map

The interaction of noise and non-linearity can cause sharp dynamical transitions, as appear in phenomena such as stochastic resonance or noise-induced synchronization or chaos. Read more