The aromatic universe, new hope for public transport, and why we’re still years away from practical fusion energy

Here are links to a few recent articles by LML External Fellow Mark Buchanan. Read more

Toward understanding the impact of artificial intelligence on labour

Economists and policy makers worry that the rapid advance of artificial intelligence (AI) and automation technologies could seriously disrupt labour markets. Read more

Limits to machine prediction, the psychology of Brexit fantasies and how biology exploits phase transitions – a few recent essays

Here are links to a few recent articles by LML Fellow Mark Buchanan. Read more

Bias-variance Trade-off in Portfolio Optimization

According to current international regulation, financial institutions are obliged to calculate the risk in their trading book on the basis of expected shortfall (ES), a risk measure which aims to capture risk from rare, low-probability events more effectively than earlier measures. Read more

Testing Randomness in Quantum Mechanics

Monte Carlo experiments use computation and repeated random sampling to obtain numerical estimates for various natural or mathematical processes. Read more

Polarization of opinions in a network with two communities

The recent study of large data sets has revealed the key network structures behind many biological, social, and technological processes. Read more

Continuous vs. Discontinuous Transitions in the D-Dimensional Generalized Kuramoto Model: Odd D is different

In 1975, Yoshiki Kuramoto introduced a simple model to describe the collective dynamics of a set of interacting oscillators. In the model, each oscillator has a natural frequency, and is coupled equally to all other oscillators. Read more

Space junk, algorithmic hatred and meaningless jobs – a few recent essays

Here are links to a few recent articles by LML Fellow Mark Buchanan. Read more

Identifying the recurrence patterns of non-volcanic tremors using a 2-D hidden Markov model

Tectonic movements create stress within the Earth’s crust, which gets released in sudden earthquakes, but also in less dramatic slow slip events. Such events are sometimes accompanied by so-called non-volcanic tremors – weak seismic signals of extended duration along major faults. Read more

Do environmental concerns affect commuting choices? Hybrid choice modelling with household survey data

Addressing climate change is among the top challenges facing governments around the world, requiring drastic reductions of greenhouse gas emissions. In part this will be through new technologies but progress will also require encouraging significant changes in day-to-day human behaviour. Read more